Preoperative Nursing and Preoperative Care for the Patient
Before explaining in detail what preoperative nursing is, it is essential to explain what the preoperative procedure consists of. The preoperative procedure is a sequence of events which takes place before a surgical intervention is undertaken. It consists of three main phases: the preoperative phase, the intraoperative phase and the postoperative phase. A general preoperative phase begins when the patient is admitted to have a surgical procedure until he/she are transferred to the operating theater. Then comes the intraoperative phase where the patient is transferred to the operating room and goes on till he/she is admitted to the post anesthesia care unit (PACU). Finally the postoperative phase begins with the admission of the patient to the PACU and ends up with the follow-up evaluation in the clinical setting. In the preoperative phase a nurse has a duty to perform a number of vital tasks which are beneficial for the patient’s health like for example: preoperative fasting, obtaining informed consent, or immediate postoperative care (Christine Tea 2010).
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